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File Type Apache HTACCESS File IconApache HTACCESS File
File Format Standard
Usage Open manually; may be referenced by an application
Popularity ★ ★ ★ ★ ☆  Common

An HTACCESS file is a configuration file used by Apache web servers. It provides instructions or "directives" for different directories within a website.

▶ "htaccess" is short for HTTP access. HTTP is the protocol used for transmitting webpages from a web server to a client's browser.

An .htaccess file may contain multiple directives, such as:

  • Execute MOD_REWRITE instructions (to simplify URLs)
  • Define the index page of a directory (i.e. "index.html" or "index.php")
  • Specify the 404 (Page not found) error page
  • Perform 301 or 302 page redirects
  • Deny access from specific IP address or other websites
  • Restrict access to certain directories and pages

HTACCESS files are always named ".htaccess". Because they do not include a filename before the dot, they may be hidden by default. HTACCESS files may be placed within any directory of a website, including the root directory. They are processed by the web server each time a webpage is accessed.

Open With

IconApache Web server

IconMicrosoft Notepad

IconOther text editor


IconApache Web Server

IconMacRabbit Espresso

IconMacroMates TextMate


IconApache Web server

IconOther text editor

Published March 21, 2022
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Information from the PC File Extensions Reference